Social innovation is a novel solution to a social problem that is more effective, efficient, sustainable, and for which the value created accrues primarily to society as a whole rather than private individuals.
Digital technologies and social innovation:-
Following digital technologies have boosted growth, expanded opportunities, and improved service delivery.
- Aadhar – It holds tremendous potential for unlocking the Indian economy by providing a common platform which can be integrated with a multitude of government programs such as financial and social inclusion programs, and a Public Distribution System monitoring, to name a few.
- Digital India is an ambitious project centred around digital infrastructure as a core utility to every citizen, and governance and services on demand, and digital empowerment of citizens.
- E -governance solutions are a great approach to ensure quick and hassle-free services for essential requirements.
- For instance Punjab’s E-sewa Kendra project. It has also generated jobs for around 130 people in Punjab. It is among one of the largest executions in terms of scale in the state of Punjab by any IT company in India.
- With respect to women empowerment, education, health ,information seeking due to digital technology many apps are available for awareness.
- E-way bill system for faster movement of goods.
- E-NAM to make agriculture marketing easier
- Private sector contribution to digital innovation in India:-
- In India, Hitachi is playing a significant role in aiding the government in its Digital India drive, which aims to digitalise government services so they can reach everyone seamlessly
- Hitachi is using its expertise in agricultural information management systems to help farmers by aiding in crop damage assessments by using advance remote sensing and geospatial technology, services to farm management and planning, agricultural crop insurance, assessment of claims and management etc
Concerns of social innovation through digital technology :-
- For digital technologies to confer their full benefit on society, it is vital to close the digital divide, especially in Internet access. The digital divide across age, gender, geography and income within India is significantly higher than in China.
- India ranked 156th in the world in terms of broadband penetration (at over 19%) as per the UN Broadband Commission report released in 2015.
- Roughly nine out of 10 workers are informally employed and lack social protection. Most workers lack adequate education or skills and the educated youth faces high unemployment rates
- Low pace of improvement of the quality of basic infrastructure expressways, logistics, storage, postal delivery system and reliable supply of electricity have also hampered the growth of e-commerce in India.
- A vast majority of its population still lacks the skills to meaningfully participate in the digital economy.
India today needs an inclusive digital technology.
Source – Livemint